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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Utilisation of antihyperglycaemic drugs in ten European countries: different developments and different levels.

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to compare developments in the utilisation of antihyperglycaemic drugs (AHGDs) in ten European countries. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on the yearly utilisation of insulin and oral AHGDs were collected from public registers in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, England, Germany, Italy, Portugal and Spain, and were expressed as defined daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants per day. RESULTS: Total AGHD utilisation increased everywhere, but at different rates and levels. Insulin utilisation doubled in England and Germany, but hardly changed in Belgium, Portugal or Italy. Sulfonylurea utilisation doubled in Spain, England and Denmark but was reduced in Germany and Sweden. Metformin utilisation increased greatly everywhere. There were two- to three-fold differences in AHGD utilisation even between neighbouring countries. In Finland, there were more users of both insulin (+120%) and oral AHGDs (+80%) than in Denmark, and the daily oral AHGD doses were higher. In Denmark and Sweden, AHGD utilisation was equal in subjects aged <45 years, but in those >/=45 years of age, both insulin and oral AHGD utilisation were twice as high in Sweden. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: The ubiquitous increase in AHGD utilisation, particularly metformin, seems logical, considering the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes and the results of the UK Prospective Diabetes Study. However, the large differences even between neighbouring countries are more difficult to explain, and suggest different habits and attitudes in terms of screening and management of type 2 diabetes.[1]


  1. Utilisation of antihyperglycaemic drugs in ten European countries: different developments and different levels. Melander, A., Folino-Gallo, P., Walley, T., Schwabe, U., Groop, P.H., Klaukka, T., Vallano, A., Laporte, J.R., Gallego, M.R., Schiappa, M., Røder, M., Kampmann, J.P., de Swaef, A., Aberg, M., Månsson, N.O., Lindblad, U. Diabetologia (2006) [Pubmed]
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