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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amidation of growth hormone releasing factor (1-29) by serine carboxypeptidase catalysed transpeptidation.

The applicability of serine carboxypeptidase catalysed transpeptidation reactions, using amino acid amides as nucleophiles, for C-terminal amidation of peptides has been investigated. With the aim of converting an unamidated precursor into GRF(1-29)-NH2, an interesting biologically active derivative of growth hormone releasing factor, a number of model reactions were initially investigated. In such a transpeptidation reaction, where the C-terminal amino acid is replaced by the amino acid amide, used as nucleophile, the C-terminal amino acid residue of the substrate can be chosen freely since it functions as leaving group and does not constitute part of the product. Since the C-terminal sequence of GRF(1-29)-NH2 is -Met-Ser-Arg-NH2 the model reactions Bz-Met-Ser-X-OH (X = Ala, Leu, Arg) + H-Arg-NH2----Bz-Met-Ser-Arg-NH2 + H-X-OH were first studied. With carboxypeptidase Y and X = Ala or Leu the amidated product could be obtained of 98% and 41%, respectively. With carboxypeptidase W-II and X = Arg a yield of no more than 72% could be obtained. The choice of Ala as leaving group in combination with carboxypeptidase Y therefore appeared optimal. With the longer peptide Bz-Leu-Gln-Asp-Ile-Met-Ser-Ala-OH the amidated product could be obtained in a yield of 78%, using carboxypeptidase Y, the only other product being Bz-Leu-Gln-Asp-Ile-Met-Ser-OH, formed due to the competing hydrolysis reaction. The full length peptide GRF(1-28)-Ala-OH was synthesized by the continuous flow polyamide solid-phase method.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Amidation of growth hormone releasing factor (1-29) by serine carboxypeptidase catalysed transpeptidation. Breddam, K., Widmer, F., Meldal, M. Int. J. Pept. Protein Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
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