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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A study of the kinetic mechanism of elongation factor Ts.

Elongation factor Ts (EF-Ts) catalyzes the reaction EF-Tu X GDP + nucleotide diphosphate (NDP) reversible EF-Tu X NDP + GDP where NDP is GDP, IDP, GTP, or GMP X PCP. The EF-Ts-catalyzed exchange rates were measured at a series of concentrations of EF-Tu X [3H] GDP and free nucleotide. Plotting the rate data according to the Hanes method produced a series of lines intersecting on the ordinate, a characteristic of substituted enzyme mechanisms. GDP is a competitive inhibitor of IDP exchange, a result predicted for the substituted enzyme mechanism but inconsistent with ternary complex mechanisms that involve an intermediate complex containing EF-Ts and both substrates. The exchange of both GTP and the GTP analog GMP X PCP also follow the substituted enzyme mechanism. The maximal rates of exchange of GDP and GTP are the same, which indicates that the rates of dissociation of EF-Ts from EF-Tu X GDP and EF-Tu X GTP are the same. The steady-state maximal exchange rate is slower by a factor of 20 than the previously reported rate of dissociation of GDP from EF-Ts X EF-Tu. This is interpreted to mean that the rate-determining step in the exchange reaction is the dissociation of EF-Ts from EF-Tu X GDP.[1]


  1. A study of the kinetic mechanism of elongation factor Ts. Hwang, Y.W., Miller, D.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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