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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Three types of liver cell dysplasia (LCD) in small cirrhotic nodules are distinguishable by karyometry and PCNA labelling, and their features resemble distinct grades of hepatocellular carcinoma.

We have studied the occurrence and specific features of liver cell dysplasia (LCD) in Chinese patients showing liver cirrhosis with or without hepatocellular carcinoma ( HCC). Three types of LCD (SLCD, LLCDo, LLCDe) were morphologically defined, and these types were further analyzed using karyometry, estimation of nucleic acid content and density, and PCNA immunostaining. Features found for three types of LCD were compared with those of normal hepatocytes (NLC), simple regenerating hepatocytes (SRLC), and cells of HCCs covering different grades. The results show that 1) karyometry and nucleic acid parameters allow an objective separation of LCD types both from NLC and SRLC; 2) karyometric features of LLCDe are most close to those of highly differentiated HCCs, whereas nuclear size and chromatin composition of SLCD closely reflect those of poorly differentiated HCCs; 3) the frequency of LCD clusters was higher in cirrhotic livers carrying HCC, being about double for all three LCD types; 4) the highest PCNA labelling occurred in the small cell group of LCD (SLCD), still, however, being smaller than that of simple regenerating hepatocytes. Based on these findings it is suggested that, similar to atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, LCDs of distinct morphotypes may represent precursor lesions for HCC, and some cellular forms may mimick cell types known to occur in experimental carcinogenesis.[1]


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