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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Title aggregation patterns of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions induced by 5-fluorouracil in the nuclei of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.

The effects of tamoxifen and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on the patterns of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs) in MCF7 human breast cancer cells were studied. Tamoxifen and 5-FU both inhibited the growth of MCF-7 cells by 18% by day 3 of culture, but each had different effects on the AgNORs. Whereas no significant changes were induced by tamoxifen, effects on the AgNORs of MCF-7 cells by 5-FU were dramatic: 5-FU treatment changed the pattern of AgNORs, reducing the number of satellites by aggregation, typically to a single aggregation around nucleoli in a sphenoidal fashion. We named these morphological changes: fluorouracil induced AgNOR aggregations (FAA). Following treatment with 500 ng/ml 5-FU, FAA developed rapidly. AgNORs forming two or three aggregates in 24% (6 h), 24% (12 h), 40% (24 h) and 34% (48 h) of cells, compared to a control rate of 14%. Single large aggregate was rarely found in untreated cultures but after 6, 12, 24 and 48 h treatment with 500 ng/ml 5-FU, AgNORs had formed a single aggregate in 6, 8, 16 and 22% of cells, respectively. FAA were observed at a concentration of 100 ng/ml 5-FU; 48 h treatment resulted in cells in which two or three aggregates were increased by 24% and single aggregate by 16%. These large single aggregates were larger than nucleoli stained by Papanicolau staining.[1]


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