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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evaluation of some fluorogenic substrates for continuous assay of aminopeptidase P.

Three potential fluorogenic substrates for assay of aminopeptidase P (AP-P) have been prepared and evaluated, using enzyme purified from porcine kidney. They are based on internal quenching of the synthetic, fluorescent amino acid (R, S)-2-amino-3-(7-methoxy4-coumaryl)propanoic acid ((R,S)-Amp) by a 2, 4dinitrophenyl (DNP) group. The compounds are X-Pro-Pro-(R, S)-Amp-NH2, where X is H-Lys(epsilon-DNP), H-Orn(delta-DNP), or L-2-amino-3-(DNP)aminopropionic acid. The first two were found to be excellent substrates for AP-P, with respective Km values of 4.8 and 5.2 microM. An advantageous feature is that under the conditions of assay, using 4-mm2 cells, the substrates are without noticeable quenching effect on the fluorescence of Pro-Pro-(R,S)-Amp-NH2 (the product liberated by the action of AP-P). At concentrations greater than about 30-50 microM, both substrates appear to inhibit the enzyme, but this has little practical consequence since assays can be carried out at substrate concentrations, giving up to approximately 80% of Vmax without this inhibitory effect being noticeable. The Lys derivative was found to be a very useful substrate for a continuous assay for AP-P and equally good in a discontinuous assay of multiple samples using microtiter plates. The racemic center at the Amp residue did not prevent total hydrolysis of the Lys derivative, suggesting that subsite specificity in AP-P does not extend as far as the P3' position.[1]


  1. Evaluation of some fluorogenic substrates for continuous assay of aminopeptidase P. Hawthorne, S.J., Harriott, P., Lim, J., Turner, A.J., Walker, B., Williams, C.H. Anal. Biochem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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