The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Tumor regression and curability of preclinical neuroblastoma models by PEGylated SN38 (EZN-2208), a novel topoisomerase I inhibitor.

PURPOSE: Treatment of neuroblastoma is successful in less than half of patients with high-risk disease. The antitumor activity of a water soluble pegylated SN38 drug conjugate, EZN-2208, was compared with CPT-11 (a prodrug for SN38) in preclinical models of human neuroblastoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The in vitro cytotoxicity of EZN-2208 was tested by counting trypan blue dye- and Annexin V-positive cells, whereas its therapeutic efficacy was evaluated, in terms of survival, and antitumor and antiangiogenic activities, in s.c. luciferase-transfected, pseudometastatic, and orthotopic neuroblastoma animal models. RESULTS: EZN-2208 was about 100-fold more potent than CPT-11 in vitro, by inducing apoptosis/necrosis and p53 expression and by reducing hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α/HIF-2α expression. EZN-2208 gave superior antitumor effects compared with CPT-11 in neuroblastoma xenografts. EZN-2208 treatment always resulted in lack of tumor detection at the end of trials whereas only small therapeutic effects were observed with CPT-11, as assessed by luciferase assay or tumor size, or even by staining histologic sections of tumors with antibodies recognizing neuroblastoma cells and cell proliferation. In a neuroblastoma model resistant to doxorubicin, cisplatin, vincristine, fenretinide, and topotecan, EZN-2208 induced 100% curability. It also blocked tumor relapse after topotecan-vincristine-doxorubicin combined treatment. Mechanistic experiments showed statistically significantly enhanced terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling and Histone H2ax staining as well as decreased vascular endothelial growth factor, CD31, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 expression in tumors removed from EZN-2208-treated mice and radiating vessels invading the tumor implanted onto the chorioallantoic membranes. CONCLUSIONS: EZN-2208 should be considered a most promising novel antineuroblastoma agent. An ongoing phase I study in pediatric patients should identify the optimal dose for a phase II study.[1]

References

  1. Tumor regression and curability of preclinical neuroblastoma models by PEGylated SN38 (EZN-2208), a novel topoisomerase I inhibitor. Pastorino, F., Loi, M., Sapra, P., Becherini, P., Cilli, M., Emionite, L., Ribatti, D., Greenberger, L.M., Horak, I.D., Ponzoni, M. Clin. Cancer Res. (2010) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities