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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic association of the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) receptor gene with sporadic Alzheimer's disease.

A specific isoform of apolipoprotein E has been associated with the accelerated rate of disease expression of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) and late-onset familial AD (FAD). An earlier age at onset has also been demonstrated in familial AD patients with mutations in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene (APP717 and APP670/671)13 carrying the APOE epsilon-4 allele compared to those who do not, but not in familial AD patients with APP692 or 693 mutations, or in chromosome 14-linked familial AD patients. Hypothesizing that receptors for apoE-containing lipoproteins act as a potential risk factor for AD, we performed an association study using a polymorphic triplet (CGG) repeat in the gene for the VLDL receptor (VLDL-R), a receptor for apoE-containing lipoproteins. The frequency of the 5-repeat allele was significantly higher in all of the Japanese sporadic AD patients (P < 0.02) than in the Japanese controls. Moreover, the odds ratio was significantly increased in the AD patients homozygous for the 5-repeat allele (OR = 2.1, 95% CI = [1.1-4.2]). Multiple logistic regression analysis reveals that the relative risk conferred by the presence of two copies of the 5-repeat allele and at least one copy of the APOE epsilon-4 allele is 8.7 (95% CI = [2.9-25.8]). Our results suggest that the VLDL-R gene is a susceptibility gene for AD.[1]


  1. Genetic association of the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) receptor gene with sporadic Alzheimer's disease. Okuizumi, K., Onodera, O., Namba, Y., Ikeda, K., Yamamoto, T., Seki, K., Ueki, A., Nanko, S., Tanaka, H., Takahashi, H., Oyanagi, K., Mizusawa, H., Kanazawa, I., Tsuji, S. Nat. Genet. (1995) [Pubmed]
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