Biochemical evidence for the autophosphorylation and transphosphorylation of transforming growth factor beta receptor kinases.Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signals through a receptor complex containing the type I (TGF-beta RI) and type II (TGF-beta RII) receptors. We describe here biochemical studies on early events in the TGF-beta signaling pathways. TGF-beta RII is highly phosphorylated when expressed alone in COS-1 cells; its autophosphorylation occurs via an intramolecular (cis) mechanism that is independent of ligand binding. TGF-beta RI is also highly phosphorylated when expressed alone in COS-1 cells. Both wild-type TGF-beta RI and a kinase-deficient mutant thereof are transphosphorylated by the coexpressed TGF-beta RII kinase in a ligand-independent fashion in these cells. We propose that the association of TGF-beta RI and TGF-beta RII, induced by ligand binding or over-expression, leads to transphosphorylation of the TGF-beta RI by the TGF-beta RII kinase. This represents a mechanism of activation of receptors distinct from that of tyrosine kinase receptors and may apply to other serine/threonine kinase receptors.
- Biochemical evidence for the autophosphorylation and transphosphorylation of transforming growth factor beta receptor kinases. Chen, F., Weinberg, R.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) [Pubmed]