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MeSH Review

Space Suits

 
 
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High impact information on Space Suits

  • A detailed CAD model of the U.S. Space Shuttle EVA Spacesuit, developed at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC), is used to represent the directional shielding of an astronaut; it has detailed helmet and backpack structures, hard upper torso, and multilayer space suit fabric material [1].
  • After the termination of the lunar programme in 1972, the space suit development concentrated on suits applicable to zero-gravity work around the manned space stations Salyut 6, Salyut 7 and MIR [2].
  • To meet the significant increase in EVA demand to support assembly and operations of the International Space Station (ISS), NASA and industry have improved the current Shuttle Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU), or "space suit", configuration to meet the unique and specific requirements of an orbital-based system [3].
  • The paper includes a short analysis of space suits' operation onboard the Russian orbiting station MIR, and some restuts of inspection of the Orlan-DMA space suit returned to the Earth from orbit by STS-79 alter long operation in orbit [4].
 

Gene context of Space Suits

  • Based on the results of the Munich Minister Conference in 1991, the European Space Agency and the Russian Space Agency agreed to initiate a requirements analysis and conceptual design study to determine the feasibility of a joint space suit development, EVA 2000 [5].
  • Russia has gained a lot of experience in operating the space suits (SS) during the extravehicular activities (EVA) by the crews of SALYUT-6, SALYUT-7 and MIR orbiting stations [4].

References

  1. Astronaut EVA exposure estimates from CAD model spacesuit geometry. De Angelis, G., Anderson, B.M., Atwell, W., Nealy, J.E., Qualls, G.D., Wilson, J.W. J. Radiat. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. The Soviet-Russian space suits a historical overview of the 1960's. Skoog, A.I., Abramov, I.P., Stoklitsky, A.Y., Doodnik, M.N. Acta astronautica. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Identification and status of design improvements to the NASA Shuttle EMU for International Space Station application. Wilde, R.C., McBarron, J.W., Faszcza, J.J. Acta astronautica. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. Ensuring of long operation life of the orbiting station EVA space suit. Abramov, I.P., Glazov, G.M., Svertshek, V.I., Stoklitsky AYu, n.u.l.l. Acta astronautica. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. EVA 2000: a European/Russian space suit concept. Skoog, A.I., Abramov, I.P. Acta astronautica. (1995) [Pubmed]
 
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