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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Six novel beta-galactosidase gene mutations in Brazilian patients with GM1-gangliosidosis.

GM1-gangliosidosis is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of acid beta-galactosidase. Three clinical forms are recognized-infantile, juvenile, and adult-based on age of onset and severity of the symptoms. We have performed molecular analysis of a large cohort of GM1 patients (19 Brazilian and one Uruguayan), using nonradioactive single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and restriction enzyme analysis of genomic DNA. Six novel mutations (R121S, V240M, D491N, 638-641insT, 895-896insC, 1622-1627insG) and two previously described point mutations (R59H, R208C) were identified. Together they accounted for 90% of the disease alleles of the patients. Two mutations, 1622-1627insG and R59H, were present in 18 of 20 patients. In addition, four polymorphisms ( L10P, L12L, R521C, S532G) were identified. All cases reported are infantile GM1 gangliosidosis. This report constitutes the most comprehensive molecular study to date of this disorder in infantile patients. Since GM1-gangliosidosis is the most common lysosomal storage disorder in Southern Brazil, molecular diagnosis will be important for genetic counseling, carrier detection and prenatal diagnosis in index families.[1]


  1. Six novel beta-galactosidase gene mutations in Brazilian patients with GM1-gangliosidosis. Silva, C.M., Severini, M.H., Sopelsa, A., Coelho, J.C., Zaha, A., d'Azzo, A., Giugliani, R. Hum. Mutat. (1999) [Pubmed]
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