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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Replacement of L7/L12.L10 protein complex in Escherichia coli ribosomes with the eukaryotic counterpart changes the specificity of elongation factor binding.

The L8 protein complex consisting of L7/ L12 and L10 in Escherichia coli ribosomes is assembled on the conserved region of 23 S rRNA termed the GTPase-associated domain. We replaced the L8 complex in E. coli 50 S subunits with the rat counterpart P protein complex consisting of P1, P2, and P0. The L8 complex was removed from the ribosome with 50% ethanol, 10 mM MgCl(2), 0.5 M NH(4)Cl, at 30 degrees C, and the rat P complex bound to the core particle. Binding of the P complex to the core was prevented by addition of RNA fragment covering the GTPase-associated domain of E. coli 23 S rRNA to which rat P complex bound strongly, suggesting a direct role of the RNA domain in this incorporation. The resultant hybrid ribosomes showed eukaryotic translocase elongation factor (EF)-2-dependent, but not prokaryotic EF-G-dependent, GTPase activity comparable with rat 80 S ribosomes. The EF-2-dependent activity was dependent upon the P complex binding and was inhibited by the antibiotic thiostrepton, a ligand for a portion of the GTPase-associated domain of prokaryotic ribosomes. This hybrid system clearly shows significance of binding of the P complex to the GTPase-associated RNA domain for interaction of EF-2 with the ribosome. The results also suggest that E. coli 23 S rRNA participates in the eukaryotic translocase-dependent GTPase activity in the hybrid system.[1]


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