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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enantiospecific pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of ketoprofen in sheep.

Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters were established for the enantiomers of the 2-arylpropionic acid (APA) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), ketoprofen (KTP). Each enantiomer was administered separately (1.5 mg/kg) and in a racemic mixture (3 mg/kg) intravenously (i.v.) to a group of eight sheep in a four-way, four-period cross-over study using a tissue cage model of inflammation. Plasma disposition of each KTP enantiomer was similar following separate administration of the pure compounds compared to administration of the racemic mixture. S(+)KTP volume of distribution (Vd(area)) was higher and clearance (ClB) faster than those of R(-)KTP. S(+) and R(-)KTP achieved relatively low concentrations in exudate and transudate. Unidirectional limited chiral inversion of R(-) to S(+)KTP was demonstrated. After R(-)KTP administration S(+)KTP was detected in plasma, but not in either exudate or transudate. Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modelling of the data could not be undertaken following R(-)KTP administration because of chiral inversion to S(+)KTP, but the pharmacodynamic parameters, calculated maximum effect (Emax), concentration producing 50% effect (EC50), Hill's coefficient (N), rate constant of elimination of drug effect from the compartment (KeO) and mean equilibration half-life (t1/2KeO) were determined for S(+)KTP after administration of the racemic mixture as well as the pure compound.[1]


  1. Enantiospecific pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of ketoprofen in sheep. Landoni, M.F., Comas, W., Mucci, N., Anglarilli, G., Bidal, D., Lees, P. J. Vet. Pharmacol. Ther. (1999) [Pubmed]
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