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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics of a fluoronaphthyridone, trovafloxacin (CP 99,219), in infants and children following administration of a single intravenous dose of alatrofloxacin.

The pharmacokinetics of trovafloxacin following administration of a single intravenous dose of alatrofloxacin, equivalent to 4 mg of trovafloxacin per kg of body weight, were determined in 6 infants (ages 3 to 12 months) and 14 children (ages, 2 to 12 years). There was rapid conversion of alatrofloxacin to trovafloxacin, with an average +/- standard deviation (SD) peak trovafloxacin concentration determined at the end of the infusion of 4.3 +/- 1.4 microg/ml. The primary pharmacokinetic parameters (average +/- SD) analyzed were volume of distribution at steady state (1.6 +/- 0.6 liters/kg), clearance (151 +/- 82 ml/h/kg), and half-life (9.8 +/- 2.9 h). The drug was well tolerated by all children. There were no age-related differences in any of the pharmacokinetic parameters studied. Less than 5% of the administered dose was excreted in the urine over 24 h. On the basis of the mean area under the concentration-time curve of 30.5 +/- 10.1 microg. h/ml and the susceptibility (< or =0.5 microg/ml) of common pediatric bacterial pathogens to trovafloxacin, dosing of 4 mg/kg/day once or twice daily should be appropriate.[1]


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