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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The low-frequency MNS blood group antigens Ny(a) (MNS18) and Os(a) (MNS38) are associated with GPA amino acid substitutions.

BACKGROUND: Antigens of the MNS blood group system are located on two sialoglycoproteins, GPA and GPB, encoded by GYPA and GYPB. The molecular backgrounds of the low-frequency antigens Ny(a) and Os(a) are not known. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Immunoblotting and a monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of erythrocyte antigens (MAIEA) assay were used to analyze Os(a). PCR-amplified products of the coding exons of GYPA were studied by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis, and exon 3 was sequenced. Synthetic peptides were used in hemagglutination-inhibition tests. RESULTS: Sequencing of GYPA exon 3 of two unrelated Ny(a+) persons revealed heterozygosity for a T194A base change encoding an Asp27Glu substitution. Immunoblotting with anti-Os(a) and an MAIEA assay with MoAbs to GPA showed that Os(a) is on GPA. Sequencing exon 3 of an Os(a+) person from the only family with Os(a) revealed heterozygosity for a C273T base change encoding a Pro54Ser substitution. A synthetic peptide representing part of GPA with the Os(a) mutation (VRTVYPSEEETGE) completely inhibited anti-Os(a), whereas the control peptide (VRTVYPPEEETGE) did not inhibit anti-Os(a). CONCLUSION: Ny(a) and Os(a) are low-frequency antigens of the MNS blood group system that represent Asp27Glu and Pro54Ser substitutions in GPA, respectively.[1]


  1. The low-frequency MNS blood group antigens Ny(a) (MNS18) and Os(a) (MNS38) are associated with GPA amino acid substitutions. Daniels, G.L., Bruce, L.J., Mawby, W.J., Green, C.A., Petty, A., Okubo, Y., Kornstad, L., Tanner, M.J. Transfusion (2000) [Pubmed]
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