The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acute effects of cocaine on play behaviour of rats.

Play behaviours are exhibited by many mammalian species. The similarity of such behaviour across children, non-human primates and rats makes it an especially appropriate target for the investigation of drug- or toxicant-induced disruption. In this study the acute effects of cocaine on play behaviour in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats was assessed. Same-sex dyads of rats (postnatal day 35-36) were separated 24 h prior to testing. On the following day, one or both rats of the dyad were injected with the same dose of cocaine (0, 2.5, 5.0 or 20.00 mg/kg). Thirty minutes later the rats were placed together and, after 5 min of habituation, the frequency of pins and crawl-overs were measured for each subject. In dyads in which both rats were treated, crawl-overs and pinning behaviour were decreased by 20 mg/kg cocaine. In dyads in which only one rat was treated, there was marginal effect of cocaine treatment on pinning frequency, while crawl-overs were unaffected. Pinning frequency was not sexually dimorphic in either type of dyad; however, crawl-overs were more frequently exhibited by females in dyads in which only one rat was treated. Thus, pinning behaviour in juvenile rats appears somewhat more sensitive to cocaine-induced disruption than crawl-over behaviours. Additionally, the presence of an untreated rat appears to attenuate the play-disrupting effects of cocaine on pinning frequency.[1]


  1. Acute effects of cocaine on play behaviour of rats. Ferguson, S.A., Frisby, N.B., Ali, S.F. Behavioural pharmacology. (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities