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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Packing of the transmembrane helices of Na,K-ATPase: direct contact between beta-subunit and H8 segment of alpha-subunit revealed by oxidative cross-linking.

Spatial relationships among the transmembrane (TM) segments of alpha- and beta-subunits of the Na,K-ATPase molecule have been investigated using oxidative induction of disulfide bonds. The catalytic alpha-subunit contains 10 TM alpha-helices (H1- H10) with 9 Cys residues located within or close to the membrane moiety. There is one Cys residue in the single TM segment of beta-subunit (Hbeta). Previously, the cross-linking products containing the beta-subunit and two fragments of alpha-subunit (the N-terminal containing H1-H2 helices and the C-terminal containing H7-H10 helices) have been identified in experiments with membrane-bound or detergent-solubilized preparations of the membrane moiety of trypsin-digested Na,K-ATPase [Sarvazyan, N. A., Modyanov, N. N., and Askari, A. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 26528-26532 and Sarvazyan, N. A., Ivanov, A., Modyanov, N. N., and Askari, A. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 7855-7858]. Here, we have shown that Cu(2+)-phenanthroline treatment of digitonin-solubilized preparation provides the most efficient formation of intersubunit cross-linked product that is predominantly a dimer of beta-subunit and a 22-kDa C-terminal alpha-fragment containing H7-H10 helices. This cross-linked product was isolated and subjected to CNBr cleavage. The resulting fragments were electrophoretically separated and sequenced. A 17-kDa peptide composed of Ile853-Met942 alpha-fragment and Ala5-Met56 beta-fragment was identified as a product of intersubunit disulfide cross-link between Cys44 of Hbeta and either Cys911 or Cys930, located in H8. This provides the first direct experimental evidence of the juxtaposition of Hbeta and H8 within the Na,K-ATPase molecule. The second detected cross-linked product was composed of alpha-fragments Lys947-Met963 and Tyr974-Tyr1016 linked by induced disulfide bridge between Cys964 (H9) and Cys983 ( H10). The spatial proximity of these Cys residues defines the mutual orientation of H9 and H10 helices of alpha-subunit.[1]


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