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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics of the new ketolide telithromycin (HMR 3647) administered in ascending single and multiple doses.

Telithromycin (HMR 3647) is a novel ketolide antimicrobial with good activity against both common and atypical respiratory pathogens, including many resistant strains. This randomized, three-period crossover study determined the dose proportionality of telithromycin pharmacokinetics after single and multiple dosing in healthy subjects. In each treatment period, subjects received a single oral dose of 400, 800 or 1,600 mg of telithromycin followed 4 days later by the same dose once daily for 7 days. Blood and urine samples were taken throughout the study for determination of pharmacokinetic parameters for telithromycin and RU 76363, its main metabolite. Telithromycin and RU 76363 achieved steady state within 2 to 3 days of once-daily dosing. A slight accumulation of telithromycin was observed after 7 days of therapy, with values of the area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h approximately 1.5 times higher than those achieved with the single dose. The pharmacokinetics of telithromycin and RU 76363 deviated moderately from dose proportionality. At a dose of 800 mg/day, telithromycin attained mean maximal and trough plasma concentrations of 2.27 and 0. 070 mg/liter respectively. Elimination was biphasic; initial and terminal half-lives were 2.87 and 9.81 h for the 800-mg dose. Study medication was well tolerated, although adverse events tended to be more frequent at the 1,600-mg dose. This study showed that telithromycin was generally well tolerated and suggests that a once-daily 800-mg oral dose of telithromycin maintains an effective concentration in plasma for the treatment of respiratory tract infections involving the key respiratory pathogens.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetics of the new ketolide telithromycin (HMR 3647) administered in ascending single and multiple doses. Namour, F., Wessels, D.H., Pascual, M.H., Reynolds, D., Sultan, E., Lenfant, B. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2001) [Pubmed]
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