The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A retrogen strategy for presentation of an intracellular tumor antigen as an exogenous antigen by dendritic cells induces potent antitumor T helper and CTL responses.

Induction of an effective antitumor response requires CD4+ helper T (Th) cells to recognize antigens on the same dendritic cells (DCs) that cross-present CTL antigens. Such cross-presentation is difficult to achieve by current tumor vaccine strategies. Here, we develop a novel "Retrogen" strategy for DCs to efficiently cross-present an intracellular tumor antigen, MAGE-3, to both MHC class I and MHC class II in a cognate manner. Specifically, the MAGE-3 gene was linked to a leader sequence at its NH2 terminus for secretion and to a cell-binding domain at its COOH terminus for receptor-mediated internalization. DCs transduced with the modified MAGE-3 gene produced and secreted MAGE-3 proteins, which were efficiently taken up by DCs via receptor-mediated internalization and presented as exogenous antigens to class I and class II molecules. Immunization of mice with the transduced DCs expressing the MAGE-3 fusion protein, termed "Retrogen" for its retrograde transport/internalization after secretion, efficiently induced all arms of the adaptive antitumor immune responses. Thus, this retrogen strategy of using a unifying mechanism for DCs to cross-present an intracellular tumor antigen in a cognate manner could be generally used to improve the efficacy of tumor vaccines and immunotherapies.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities