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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential efficacy of L- and T-type calcium channel blockers in preventing tachycardia-induced atrial remodeling in dogs.

BACKGROUND: Tachycardia-induced remodeling likely plays an important role in atrial fibrillation (AF) maintenance and recurrence after cardioversion, and Ca(2+) overload may be an important mediator. This study was designed to evaluate the relative efficacies of selective T-type (mibefradil) and L-type (diltiazem) Ca(2+)-channel blockers in preventing tachycardia-induced atrial remodeling. METHODS: Dogs were given daily doses of mibefradil (100 mg), diltiazem (240 mg) or placebo in a blinded fashion, beginning 4 days before and continuing through a 7-day period of atrial pacing at 400 bpm. An electrophysiological study was then performed to assess changes in refractoriness, refractoriness heterogeneity and AF duration. RESULTS: Mean duration of burst-pacing induced AF was similar in placebo (567+/-203 s) and diltiazem-treated (963+/-280 s, P=NS) animals, but was much less in mibefradil-treated dogs (3.6+/-0.9 s, P<0.002) and non-paced controls (6.6+/-2.7 s). In contrast to mibefradil, diltiazem did not alter tachycardia-induced refractoriness abbreviation or heterogeneity. To exclude inadequate dosing as an explanation for diltiazem's inefficacy, we studied an additional group of dogs treated with 720 mg/day of diltiazem, and again noted no protective effect. Acute intravenous administration of diltiazem to control dogs failed to alter atrial refractoriness or AF duration, excluding a masking of remodeling suppression by offsetting profibrillatory effects of the drug. CONCLUSIONS: Whereas the selective T-type Ca(2+)-channel blocker mibefradil protects against atrial remodeling caused by 7-day atrial tachycardia, the selective L-type blocker diltiazem is without effect. These findings are potentially important for understanding the mechanisms and prevention of clinically-relevant atrial-tachycardia-induced remodeling.[1]


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