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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Immunohistochemical and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction expression analysis of tyrosinase and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor in angiomyolipomas.

Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) show a characteristic immunoreactivity with melanocyte differentiation markers such as monoclonal antibody (mAb) HMB45, which detects melanocyte differentiation antigen gp100 and mAb A103 reacting with Melan-A/MART-1. Monoclonal antibody T311 to tyrosinase (a key enzyme of melanogenesis) and mAb D5 to the microphthalmia (Mitf) antigen are two newly available markers of melanocytic differentiation. The authors tested 15 AMLs with T311 and D5 by immunohistochemistry and a subset of 3 cases by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for their expression of tyrosinase and Mitf mRNA. T311 showed poor sensitivity in AMLs because only focal staining was seen in 1 out of 15 cases, although tyrosinase mRNA was found in all tested cases. Mitf mRNA was present in 3 of 3 tested cases, and D5 was positive in 15 of 15 AMLs. However, D5 immunostaining often was focal and not as homogeneous as A103, which was analyzed in a previous study. D5 staining also could be seen in other cell types such as normal renal tubular cells, macrophages, and renal cell carcinoma. The current results show that in contrast with HMB45 and A103, T311 has little or no value in the diagnosis of AMLs. D5 may be useful in a panel of antibodies in the diagnosis of AMLs.[1]

References

  1. Immunohistochemical and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction expression analysis of tyrosinase and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor in angiomyolipomas. Jungbluth, A.A., King, R., Fisher, D.E., Iversen, K., Coplan, K., Kolb, D., Williamson, B., Chen, Y.T., Stockert, E., Old, L.J., Busam, K.J. Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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