The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Postrepression activation of NF-kappaB requires the amino-terminal nuclear export signal specific to IkappaBalpha.

One of the most prominent NF-kappaB target genes in mammalian cells is the gene encoding one of its inhibitor proteins, IkappaBalpha. The increased synthesis of IkappaBalpha leads to postinduction repression of nuclear NF-kappaB activity. However, it is unknown why IkappaBalpha, among multiple IkappaB family members, is involved in this process and what significance this feedback regulation has beyond terminating NF-kappaB activity. Herein, we report an important IkappaBalpha-specific function dictated by its amino-terminal nuclear export sequence (N-NES). The IkappaBalpha N-NES is necessary for the postinduction export of nuclear NF-kappaB, which is a critical event in reestablishing a permissive condition for NF-kappaB to be rapidly reactivated. We show that although IkappaBalpha and another IkappaB member, IkappaBbeta, can enter the nucleus and repress NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity during the postinduction phase, only IkappaBalpha allows the efficient export of nuclear NF-kappaB. Moreover, swapping the N-terminal region of IkappaBbeta for the corresponding IkappaBalpha sequence is sufficient for the IkappaB chimera protein to export NF-kappaB similarly to IkappaBalpha during the postinduction state. Our findings provide a mechanistic explanation of why IkappaBalpha but not other IkappaB members is crucial for postrepression activation of NF-kappaB. We propose that this IkappaBalpha-specific function is important for certain physiological and pathological conditions where NF-kappaB needs to be rapidly reactivated.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities