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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sarcolipin uncouples hydrolysis of ATP from accumulation of Ca2+ by the Ca2+-ATPase of skeletal-muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum.

Sarcolipin (SLN) is a small peptide found in the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle. It is predicted to contain a single hydrophobic transmembrane alpha-helix. Fluorescence emission spectra for the single Trp residue of SLN suggest that SLN incorporates fully into bilayers of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine, but only partially into bilayers of phosphatidylcholines with long (C(22) or C(24)) fatty acyl chains. The fluorescence of SLN is quenched in bilayers of dibromostearoylphosphatidylcholine, also consistent with incorporation into the lipid bilayer. SLN was reconstituted with the Ca(2+)-ATPase of skeletal-muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. Even at a 50:1 molar ratio of SLN/ATPase, SLN had no significant effect on the rate of ATP hydrolysis by the ATPase or on the Ca(2+)-dependence of ATP hydrolysis. However, at a molar ratio of SLN/ATPase of 2:1 or higher the presence of SLN resulted in a marked decrease in the level of accumulation of Ca(2+) by reconstituted vesicles. The effect of SLN was structurally specific and did not result from a breakdown in the vesicular structure or from the formation of non-specific ion channels. Vesicles were impermeable to Ca(2+) in the absence of ATP in the external medium. The effects of SLN on accumulation of Ca(2+) can be simulated assuming that SLN increases the rate of slippage on the ATPase and the rate of passive leak of Ca(2+) mediated by the ATPase. It is suggested that the presence of SLN could be important in non-shivering thermogenesis, a process in which heat is generated by hydrolysis of ATP by skeletal-muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum.[1]


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