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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fluorine-containing analogues of intermediates in the Shikimate pathway.

The phosphoenolpyruvate analogue (Z)-phosphoenol-3-fluoropyruvate is a substrate for phenylalanine-inhibitable 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonic acid-7-phosphate synthase from Escherichia coli. In the presence of excess erythrose 4-phosphate, apparent KM values of 65 and 38 muM were observed for phosphoenol-3-fluoropyruvate and phosphoenolpyruvate, respectively. Because the apparent Vmax for phosphoenol-3-fluoropyruvate is only 1.17% of that for phosphoenolpyruvate, one can study the former as an inhibitor of 3-deoxy-arabino-heptulosonic acid-7-phosphate synthase. Kinetic experiments showed phosphoenol-3-fluoropyruvate to be competitive with respect to phosphoenolpyruvate. Two distinguishable Ki values of 8 and 48 muM were obtained. The product (3S)-3-deoxy--3-fluoro-arabino-heptulosonic acid 7-phosphate was purified, characterized, and shown to act as a substrate for 5-dehydroquinate synthase. 3-Deoxy-3-fluoro-arabino-heptulosonic acid 7-phosphate, in contrast to 3-deoxy-arabino-heptulosonic acid 7-phosphate reacts slowly or not at all with reagents specific for 2-keto-3-deoxy sugars and is relatively resistant to oxidative cleavage by sodium periodate. The expected product of periodate oxidation, 3-fluoro-3-formylpyruvate, cannot be detected. This observation was clarified by studies with model compounds.[1]


  1. Fluorine-containing analogues of intermediates in the Shikimate pathway. Pilch, P.F., Somerville, R.L. Biochemistry (1976) [Pubmed]
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