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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Formate-stimulated NaCl absorption in the proximal tubule is independent of the pendrin protein.

A significant fraction of active chloride reabsorption across the apical membrane of the proximal tubule is mediated by a chloride/formate exchange process, whereby intracellular formate drives the transport of chloride into the cell. When chloride/formate exchange operates in parallel with Na(+)/H(+) exchange and H(+)-coupled recycling of formate, the net result is electroneutral NaCl reabsorption. Pendrin is the protein product of the PDS gene (SLC26A4) and functions in several different anion exchange modes, including chloride/formate exchange. Pendrin is expressed in the kidney and may serve as the transporter responsible for formate-dependent NaCl reabsorption. In the present study, Pds-knockout mice were used to determine the role of pendrin in proximal tubule chloride reabsorption. We show that formate-dependent NaCl absorption in microperfused proximal tubules is similar between wild-type and pendrin-deficient mice. In addition, there is no difference in the rate of formate-mediated chloride transport in brush-border membrane vesicles isolated from wild-type and pendrin-deficient mice. These studies demonstrate that pendrin is not responsible for formate-dependent NaCl reabsorption in the proximal tubule.[1]


  1. Formate-stimulated NaCl absorption in the proximal tubule is independent of the pendrin protein. Karniski, L.P., Wang, T., Everett, L.A., Green, E.D., Giebisch, G., Aronson, P.S. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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