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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Electronically driven structural distortions in lithium intercalates of the n = 2 Ruddlesden-Popper-type host Y2Ti2O5S2: synthesis, structure, and properties of LixY2Ti2O5S2 (0 < x < 2).

Lithium intercalation into the oxide slabs of the cation-deficient n = 2 Ruddlesden-Popper oxysulfide Y(2)Ti(2)O(5)S(2) to produce Li(x)Y(2)Ti(2)O(5)S(2) (0 < x < 2) is described. Neutron powder diffraction measurements reveal that at low levels of lithium intercalation into Y(2)Ti(2)O(5)S(2), the tetragonal symmetry of the host is retained: Li(0.30(5))Y(2)Ti(2)O(5)S(2), I4/mmm, a = 3.80002(2) A, c = 22.6396(2) A, Z = 2. The lithium ion occupies a site coordinated by four oxide ions in an approximately square planar geometry in the perovskite-like oxide slabs of the structure. At higher levels of lithium intercalation, the symmetry of the cell is lowered to orthorhombic: Li(0.99(5))Y(2)Ti(2)O(5)S(2), Immm, a = 3.82697(3) A, b = 3.91378(3) A, c = 22.2718(2) A, Z = 2, with ordering of Li(+) ions over two inequivalent sites. At still higher levels of lithium intercalation, tetragonal symmetry is regained: Li(1.52(5))Y(2)Ti(2)O(5)S(2), I4/mmm, a = 3.91443(4) A, c = 22.0669(3) A, Z = 2. A phase gap exists close to the transition from the tetragonal to orthorhombic structures (0.6 < x < 0.8). The changes in symmetry of the system with electron count may be considered analogous to a cooperative electronically driven Jahn-Teller type distortion. Magnetic susceptibility and resistivity measurements are consistent with metallic properties for x > 1, and the two-phase region is identified as coincident with an insulator to metal transition.[1]


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