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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IL-9- induced expansion of B-1b cells restores numbers but not function of B-1 lymphocytes in xid mice.

Mice expressing the X-linked immunodeficiency (xid) mutation lack functional Bruton's tyrosine kinase and were shown to be specifically deficient in peritoneal B-1 lymphocytes. We have previously shown that IL-9, a cytokine produced by TH2 lymphocytes, promotes B-1 cell expansion in vivo. To determine whether IL-9 overexpression might compensate the xid mutation for B-1 lymphocyte development, we crossed xid mice with IL-9-transgenic mice. In this model, IL-9 restored normal numbers of mature peritoneal B-1 cells that all belonged to the CD5(-) B-1b subset. Despite this normal B-1 lymphocyte number, IL-9 failed to restore classical functions of B-1 cells, namely, the production of natural IgM Abs, the T15 Id Ab response to phosphorylcholine immunization, and the antipolysaccharide humoral response against Streptococcus pneumoniae. By using bromelain-treated RBC, we showed that the antigenic repertoire of these IL-9-induced B-1b lymphocytes was different from the repertoire of classical CD5(+) B-1a cells, indicating that the lack of B-1 function by B-1b cells is associated with distinct Ag specificities. Taken together, our data show that B-1b cell development can restore the peritoneal B-1 population in xid mice but that these B-1b cells are functionally distinct from CD5(+) B-1a lymphocytes.[1]


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