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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cognitive processes in two-point discrimination: an ERP study.

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the temporal features of the cognitive process in two-point discrimination (TPD). METHODS: We measured somatosensory event-related potentials (ERPs) in 9 subjects during the TPD task, in which we provided a pair of electrical pulses simultaneously, altering the distance between the electrodes. We analyzed the TPD-related ERPs and investigated the relationship between the potentials and the subjects' judgments. RESULTS: During the TPD task, a negative potential approximately 140 ms after the stimulation (N140) was enhanced as compared to a stimulus counting task. Two late positive components, LPC-1 and LPC-2, whose peak latencies were 300 and 500 ms, respectively, were identified only in the TPD task. The LPC-1 was recorded dominantly in the fronto-central area, while the LPC-2 was detected dominantly in the centro-parietal area. The amplitude of the LPC-2 was significantly modulated by the degree of consistency in the subjects' judgment. On the other hand, these ERP components did not show significant difference between the alternate judgments, i.e. 'one-point' or 'two-point' judgment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the N140 is related to the attention toward the stimulation. The LPC-1 and LPC-2 are likely to correspond to the processes represented by P3a and P3b, based on their temporal and spatial behavior.[1]


  1. Cognitive processes in two-point discrimination: an ERP study. Tamura, Y., Hoshiyama, M., Inui, K., Nakata, H., Wasaka, T., Ojima, S., Inoue, K., Kakigi, R. Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
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