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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

ATP-sensitive K+ channel knockout compromises the metabolic benefit of exercise training, resulting in cardiac deficits.

Exercise training elicits a metabolic and cardiovascular response that underlies fitness. The molecular mechanisms that orchestrate this adaptive response and secure the wide-ranging gains of a regimented exercise program are poorly understood. Formed through association of the Kir6.2 pore and the sulfonylurea receptor, the stress-responsive ATP-sensitive K(+) channels (K(ATP) channels), with their metabolic-sensing capability and broad tissue expression, are potential candidates for integrating the systemic adaptive response to repetitive exercise. Here, the responses of mice lacking functional Kir6.2-containing K(ATP) channels (Kir6.2-KO) were compared with wild-type controls following a 28-day endurance swimming protocol. While chronic aquatic training resulted in lighter, leaner, and fitter wild-type animals, the Kir6.2-KO manifested less augmentation in exercise capacity and lacked metabolic improvement in body fat composition and glycemic handling with myocellular defects. Moreover, the repetitive stress of swimming unmasked a survival disadvantage in the Kir6.2-KO, associated with pathologic calcium-dependent structural damage in the heart and impaired cardiac performance. Thus, Kir6.2-containing K(ATP) channel activity is required for attainment of the physiologic benefits of exercise training without injury.[1]


  1. ATP-sensitive K+ channel knockout compromises the metabolic benefit of exercise training, resulting in cardiac deficits. Kane, G.C., Behfar, A., Yamada, S., Perez-Terzic, C., O'Cochlain, F., Reyes, S., Dzeja, P.P., Miki, T., Seino, S., Terzic, A. Diabetes (2004) [Pubmed]
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