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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mammalian prolyl-tRNA synthetase corresponds to the approximately 150 kDa subunit of the high-M(r) aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex.

The high-M(r) aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex previously purified from sheep liver differed from those isolated from several other mammalian sources by the absence of prolyl-tRNA synthetase activity and the presence of glutamyl tRNA synthetase as a polypeptide of 85 kDa instead of 150 kDa. Using a milder extraction procedure that minimizes proteolysis, we now report the isolation of a sheep liver complex that contains both prolyl-tRNA synthetase activity and the 150-kDa polypeptide. The correspondence between prolyl-tRNA synthetase and the 150-kDa polypeptide, inferred from the results of several approaches reported in this study, was further demonstrated by showing that antibodies to a free form of sheep liver prolyl-tRNA synthetase generated by endogenous proteolysis, specifically reacted with the 150-kDa components of the complexes from sheep and rabbit, but failed to react with the previously purified complex from sheep that contained neither prolyl-tRNA synthetases activity nor the 150-kDa component. Moreover, we show that the 150-kDa polypeptide is also recognized by antibodies to the 85-kDa polypeptide previously assigned to glutamyl-tRNA synthetase. The possibility that the largest subunit of the mammalian high-M(r) complexes may be a bifunctional protein encoding both glutamyl- and prolyl-tRNA synthetase activities is considered and discussed in light of the recently published sequence of the corresponding polypeptide from HeLa cells. In accordance with this prediction, we show that the amino acid sequence of the carboxyl-terminal moiety of this bifunctional polypeptide shows significant similarity to the sequence of prolyl-tRNA synthetase from Escherichia coli.[1]


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