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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Calindol, a positive allosteric modulator of the human Ca(2+) receptor, activates an extracellular ligand-binding domain-deleted rhodopsin-like seven-transmembrane structure in the absence of Ca(2+).

The extracellular calcium-sensing human Ca(2+) receptor (hCaR),2 a member of the family-3 G-protein- coupled receptors ( GPCR) possesses a large amino-terminal extracellular ligand- binding domain ( ECD) in addition to a seven-transmembrane helical domain (7TMD) characteristic of all GPCRs. Two calcimimetic allosteric modulators, NPS R-568 and Calindol ((R)-2-{1-(1-naphthyl)ethyl-aminom-ethyl}indole), that bind the 7TMD of the hCaR have been reported to potentiate Ca(2+) activation without independently activating the wild type receptor. Because agonists activate rhodopsin-like family-1 GPCRs by binding within the 7TMD, we examined the ability of Calindol, a novel chemically distinct calcimimetic, to activate a Ca(2+) receptor construct (T903-Rhoc) in which the ECD and carboxyl-terminal tail have been deleted to produce a rhodopsin-like 7TMD. Here we report that although Calindol has little or no agonist activity in the absence of extracellular Ca(2+) for the ECD-containing wild type or carboxyl-terminal deleted receptors, it acts as a strong agonist of the T903-Rhoc. In addition, Ca(2+) alone displays little or no agonist activity for the hCaR 7TMD, but potentiates the activation by Calindol. We confirm that activation of Ca(2+) T903-Rhoc by Calindol truly the is independent using in vitro reconstitution with purified G(q). These findings demonstrate distinct allosteric linkages between Ca(2+) site(s) in the ECD and 7TMD and the 7TMD site(s) for calcimimetics.[1]


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