The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Previous exposure to cocaine enhances cocaine self-administration in an alpha 1-adrenergic receptor dependent manner.

Noradrenergic transmission is implicated in the biochemical and behavioral effects of cocaine. Recently, we demonstrated that the alpha 1-adrenergic receptor antagonist prazosin attenuates cocaine-induced reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior. We now assessed whether prazosin could counter the effect of previous exposure to cocaine to enhance subsequent self-administration behavior. Rats were pre-exposed to systemic injections of either saline, prazosin (0.3 mg/kg), saline+cocaine (10 mg/kg), or prazosin+cocaine for 5 days. Starting 15-18 days after the last pre-exposure injection, rats were trained to self-administer cocaine (0.5 mg/kg/infusion) under a fixed ratio 3 (FR3) schedule of reinforcement. Several tests were conducted. First, responding for cocaine under an FR3 schedule was assessed across several doses (0.125-1.0 mg/kg/infusion). Second, responding for cocaine (0.5 mg/kg/infusion) under a progressive-ratio (PR) schedule was examined for 6 consecutive days. Finally, responding for cocaine (0, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/kg/infusion) was determined under the PR schedule of reinforcement. Results showed that cocaine pre-exposed rats self-administer more cocaine compared to saline pre-exposed rats when tested under both the FR and PR schedules. Rats pre-exposed to cocaine plus prazosin did not show enhanced cocaine self-administration. These rats, as well those pre-exposed to prazosin alone, showed levels of cocaine self-administration similar to saline pre-exposed rats. Thus, previous exposure to cocaine enhanced cocaine self-administration, an effect that appears to involve activation of alpha 1-adrenergic receptors. These data, along with several recent studies, show further support for the contribution of noradrenergic transmission in the behavioral effects of cocaine.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities