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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of ubiquitin in neurotrophin receptor signalling and sorting.

NGF (nerve growth factor) binding to TrkA (tropomyosin receptor kinase A) induces dimerization, autophosphorylation and internalization of the receptor to signalling vesicles for delivery of differentiation signals. TrkA interacts with p75 receptor through the p62-TRAF-6 (tumour-necrosis-factor-receptor-associated factor 6) complex bridging the two receptors. The atypical protein kinase C is activated and recruited to the receptor complex as well. TrkA is Lys(63)-polyubiquitinated on Lys(485) by the E3 (ubiquitin ligase), TRAF-6, and E2 (ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme), UbcH7. Inhibition of polyubiquitination has been observed to interrupt signalling and internalization. Furthermore, an absence of p62 prevents endosomal localization and signalling. Altogether, these findings reveal Lys(63)-linked polyubiquitin chains and the shuttling protein p62 co-ordinately regulate TrkA internalization, trafficking and sorting.[1]


  1. The role of ubiquitin in neurotrophin receptor signalling and sorting. Wooten, M.W., Geetha, T. Biochem. Soc. Trans. (2006) [Pubmed]
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