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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

MYBBP1a is a Novel Repressor of NF-kappaB.

NF-kappaB is an inducible transcription factor activated in many different cell types by inflammatory and stress signals. The transcription of a wide variety of NF-kappaB genes is regulated by the coordinated action of transcription co-activators and co-repressors. Previously we identified Myb binding protein 1a (MYBBP1a) as an interaction partner of the transcription activation domain of RelA/ p65. MYBBP1a has been shown by others to regulate various transcription factors, through largely unknown mechanisms. Here we present evidence that MYBBP1a is a novel co-repressor of NF-kappaB. MYBBP1a interacted directly with RelA/ p65 and expression of MYBBP1a in cells repressed NF-kappaB dependent reporter expression but did affect neither RelA/ p65 nuclear translocation nor its DNA binding activity. In vitro, MYBBP1a inhibited transcription from chromatinized templates at a step before pre-initiation complex formation. MYBBP1a was found to compete with the histone acetyl transferase co-activator, p300, for interaction with the transcription activation domain of RelA/ p65. Expression levels of MYBBP1a are dependent on the cell type, and are particularly high in Jurkat T cells. These results indicate that MYBBP1a is a novel NF-kappaB co-repressor of transcription that competes with p300 and may function to regulate cell type specific genes.[1]


  1. MYBBP1a is a Novel Repressor of NF-kappaB. Owen, H.R., Elser, M., Cheung, E., Gersbach, M., Kraus, W.L., Hottiger, M.O. J. Mol. Biol. (2007) [Pubmed]
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