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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thermal phase behavior of DMPG: the exclusion of continuous network and dense aggregates.

1,2-Dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-rac-glycerol has been suggested to form at intermediate temperatures and at high concentrations in low-salt solutions as a continuous sponge phase (Heimburg, T.; Biltonen, R. L. Biochemistry 1994, 33, 9477-9488). In the present study, the changes in signals seen for a range of fluorescent probes during phase transformations of this phospholipid indicate continuous melting and a change in lipid packing, in accordance with previous reports. However, in accordance with Lamy-Freund and Riske (Lamy-Freund, M. T.; Riske, K. A. Chem. Phys. Lipids 2003, 122, 19-32), no enhancement of lipid mixing within the putative sponge phase region was seen, suggesting a lack of a connected lipid surface. Accordingly, a typical sponge phase cannot account for the properties of the intermediate phase. The low scattering intensities of the latter have also been taken as evidence for disaggregation. While dynamic light scattering and data for membranes containing poly(ethylene glycol)-ylated lipids could lend credence to disaggregation, the most likely explanation for the scattering data would appear to be a shape transition without significant changes in neither vesicle aggregation nor bilayer connectivity. An abrupt change in light scattering and signals from some of the fluorescent probes used reveals a new transition at Tt approximately 43 degrees C, with the formation of a more ordered interface.[1]


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