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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reaction efficiencies and rate constants for the goethite-catalyzed Fenton-like reaction of NAPL-form aromatic hydrocarbons and chloroethylenes.

The contaminants present as nonaqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) in the subsurface are long-term sources for groundwater pollution. Fenton-like reaction catalyzed by natural iron oxides such as goethite in soils is one of the feasible in situ chemical reactions used to remediate contaminated sites. This research evaluated the Fenton-like reaction of five chlorinated ethylenes and three aromatic hydrocarbons using goethite as the catalyst. The reaction efficiencies and rate constants of these compounds in NAPL and dissolved forms were compared. The content of goethite used in batch experiments was in the range similar to those found in subsurfaces. Low H2O2 concentrations (0.05 and 0.1%) were tested in order to represent the low oxidant concentration in the outer region of treatment zone. The results showed that at the tested goethite and H2O2 ranges, the majority of contaminants were removed in the first 120 s. When aromatics and chloroethylenes were present as NAPLs, their removal efficiencies and reaction constants decreased. The removal efficiencies of 0.02 mmol NAPL contaminants were 26-70% less than those of the dissolved. The measured rate constants were in the order of 10(9) M(-1) s(-1) for dissolved chlorinated ethylenes and aromatic hydrocarbons, but were 25-60% less for their NAPL forms. The initial dosage of H2O2 and NAPL surface areas (18.4-38.2 mm2) did not significantly affect reaction efficiencies and rate constants of chlorinated NAPLs. Instead, they were related to the octanol-water partition coefficient of compounds. For both dissolved and NAPL forms, aromatic hydrocarbons were more reactive than chlorinated ethylenes in Fenton-like reaction. These results indicated that the decrease in reaction efficiencies and rate constants of NAPL-form contaminants would pose more negative impacts on the less reactive compounds such as benzene and cis 1,2-DCE during goethite-catalyzed Fenton-like reaction.[1]


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