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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sequence and functional analysis of mutations in the gene encoding peptide-chain-release factor 2 of Escherichia coli.

Mutations in the prfB gene which encodes peptide-chain-release factor 2 of Escherichia coli were defined by DNA sequence analysis. prfB1 and prfB3 substitute lysine and asparagine for glutamate and aspartate at amino acid positions 89 and 143, respectively. Temperature-sensitive mutations, prfB2 and prfB286, each contain the identical substitution of phenylalanine for leucine-328. These mutations suppress UGA but not UAG or UAA. The efficiency of suppression was affected by the neighboring RNA context. The prfB gene encodes a premature UGA stop codon at position 26 and is expressed by +1 frameshifting. The efficiency of natural frameshift was 18% as measured by using the monolysogenic lambda assay vector containing prfB-lacZ fusions, and increased up to 30% in the prfB mutants. These observations can be interpreted as genetic evidence for the autogenous control of RF2 synthesis by frameshifting. Structural and functional organizations of release factors are discussed.[1]


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