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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Organization and expression of a two-gene cluster in the arginine biosynthesis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, argB and argC define two adjacent and complementing loci, with mutants defective in two consecutive steps of arginine biosynthesis: N-acetylglutamate kinase (AG-kinase) and N-acetylglutamyl-phosphate reductase (AGPreductase). These enzymic activities are readily separated by ammonium sulfate fractionation or Sephadex G-200 chromatography. This suggests that each activity is carried in vivo by a different protein. The synthesis of the two enzymes is coordinately regulated, with an 85-fold difference in specific activities between fully repressed and fully derepressed cells. Missence mutations of the argB locus are defective in AGkinase only. Nonsense mutations in the argB locus are defective in both activities. Missense and nonsense mutations in the argC locus are defective in AGPreductase, with a few alleles also showing a reduced level of AGkinase. These data are best explained by assuming that argB and argC are two genes transcribed as a single messenger from argB to argC. This messenger produces in vivo two distinct proteins corresponding to the argB and argC gene products, either because translation can be initiated at the beginning of both genes, or because a large polypeptide is specifically cut in vivo to yield the gene products of argB and argC.[1]


  1. Organization and expression of a two-gene cluster in the arginine biosynthesis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Minet, M., Jauniaux, J.C., Thuriaux, P., Grenson, M., Wiame, J.M. Mol. Gen. Genet. (1979) [Pubmed]
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