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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of alpha-keto acids including phenylpyruvic acid in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection.

A highly sensitive method for the determination of alpha-keto acids including phenylpyruvic acid in human plasma is investigated. The method employs high-performance liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection. The acids and alpha-ketocaproic acid (internal standard) in human plasma are isolated by anion-exchange chromatography on a Toyopak DEAE cartridge, and then converted into the corresponding chemiluminescent derivatives with 4,5-diaminophthalhydrazide dihydrochloride, a chemiluminescence derivatization reagent for alpha-keto acids. The derivatives are separated within 50 min on a reversed-phase column, TSKgel ODS-120T, with isocratic elution, followed by chemiluminescence detection; the chemiluminescence is produced by the reaction of the derivatives with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of potassium hexacyanoferrate(III). The detection limits for the acids are in the range 9-92 pmol/ml in plasma (signal-to-noise ratio = 3). This sensitivity permits precise determination of several alpha-keto acids including phenylpyruvic acid, which cannot be determined by other HPLC methods, in 10 microliters of normal human plasma. The chemiluminescent product from phenylpyruvic acid was characterized as 3-benzyl-7,8-dihydropyridazino[4,5-g]quinoxaline-2,6,9(1H)-trione.[1]


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