The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vivo and in vitro metabolism of 5-deazaacyclotetrahydrofolate, an acyclic tetrahydrofolate analogue.

5-Deazaacyclotetrahydrofolate is a cytotoxic tetrahydrofolate analogue which inhibits glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase (Kelley et al., J. Med. Chem., 33: 561-567, 1990). Cultured mouse L-cells and human MCF-7 and MOLT-4 cells concentrated the drug several hundred-fold after 24 h of continuous exposure to a cytotoxic level (100-200 nM) of radiolabeled drug. High performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed that each cell type metabolized greater than or equal to 80% of the internalized drug to polyglutamated forms, which are more potent glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase inhibitors. In L-cells, 45% of the polyglutamated metabolites were also N-formylated. The pharmacokinetics and distribution of [14C]-deazaacyclotetrahydrofolate were studied in C57BL/6 male mice. Its plasma half-life was 2.15 h. Radiolabel was concentrated to well above plasma level in the kidney, pancreas, and liver. Metabolism was examined in tumor-bearing and in normal mice. Twenty-four h after a single i.p. injection (50 mg/kg), drug equivalents were 0.6 nmol/g (83% polyglutamated) in colon-38 adenocarcinoma carried s.c., 2.4 nmol/g (100% polyglutamated) in ascitic P388 cells, and 3.7 nmol/g (76% polyglutamated and approximately 20% formylated) in mouse liver. Elimination was mostly in the urine as unmetabolized drug. Feces contained 5-deazaacyclotetrahydropteroate (parent compound less glutamate). In conclusion, 5-deazaacyclotetrahydrofolate was shown to be concentrated to well above the extracellular level and metabolized to more active polyglutamated forms by transformed cells grown in culture and in mice.[1]


  1. In vivo and in vitro metabolism of 5-deazaacyclotetrahydrofolate, an acyclic tetrahydrofolate analogue. Hanlon, M.H., Ferone, R., Mullin, R.J., Keith, B.R. Cancer Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities