The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transcriptional regulation of the rat glutathione S-transferase Ya subunit gene. Characterization of a xenobiotic-responsive element controlling inducible expression by phenolic antioxidants.

We have identified previously a xenobiotic-responsive element, which we termed the beta-naphthoflavone-responsive element, between nucleotide -722 and -682 in the 5'-flanking region of the rat glutathione S-transferase Ya subunit gene (Rushmore, T.H., King, R.G., Paulson, K.E., and Pickett, C.B. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 87, 3826-3830). The beta-naphthoflavone-responsive element is responsible for part of the transcriptional activation of the Ya subunit gene by planar aromatic compounds but has a sequence distinct from the xenobiotic-responsive element found in multiple copies in the cytochrome P-450 IA1 gene and as a single copy in the Ya subunit gene. In the present study, we demonstrate that the beta-naphthoflavone-responsive element is required for the transcriptional activation of the Ya subunit gene by phenolic antioxidants such as t-butylhydroquinone through a mechanism that does not require functional Ah receptors. Furthermore, we present evidence that planar aromatic compounds must be metabolized before they transcriptionally activate the Ya subunit gene through the beta-naphthoflavone-responsive element. The transcriptional activation of the Ya subunit gene by planar aromatic compounds requires a functional Ah receptor. These data provide evidence that transcriptional activation of the glutathione S-transferase Ya subunit gene can be mediated by a novel xenobiotic-responsive element which is directly responsive to phenolic antioxidants such as t-butylhydroquinone. Hence we have named this new xenobiotic-responsive element the antioxidant-responsive element or ARE.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities