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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

The role of arginyl residues in porphyrin binding to ferrochelatase.

The role of cationic amino acid residues in the binding of porphyrin substrates by purified bovine ferrochelatase (protoheme ferro-lyase, EC 4.99.1.1) have been examined via chemical modification with camphorquinone-10-sulfonic acid, phenylglyoxal, butanedione, and trinitrobenzene sulfonate. The data obtained show that modification of arginyl, but not lysyl, residues results in the rapid inactivation of ferrochelatase. The 2,4-disulfonate deuteroporphyrin, which is a competitive inhibitor of mammalian ferrochelatase, protects the enzyme against inactivation. Ferrous iron has no protective effect. Reaction with radiolabeled phenylglyoxal shows that modification of 1 arginyl residue causes maximum inhibition of enzyme activity. The inactivation does not follow simple pseudo-first order reaction kinetics, but is distinctly biphasic in nature. Comparison of the enzyme kinetics for modified versus unmodified enzyme show that modification with camphorquinone-10-sulfonic acid has no effect on the Km for iron but does alter the Km for porphyrin.[1]

References

  1. The role of arginyl residues in porphyrin binding to ferrochelatase. Dailey, H.A., Fleming, J.E. J. Biol. Chem. (1986) [Pubmed]
 
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