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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Liquid-chromatographic analysis for esmolol and its major metabolite in urine.

We describe a simple, reproducible liquid-chromatographic method for determination of esmolol (a short-acting beta blocker) and its major metabolite in human urine. Esmolol is extracted from urine at a pH of 8.4 into methylene chloride; the more polar metabolite remains in the aqueous phase. We then measure esmolol with a muBondapak C18 column and measure ultraviolet absorbance at 229 nm; the metabolite is analyzed with a Spherisorb phenyl column, with absorbance measured at 280 nm. The average extraction recoveries of esmolol and the metabolite were 95 and 92%, respectively. Standard curves were linear and reproducible for esmolol from 0.025 to 5 mg/L and for the metabolite from 1 to 250 mg/L. Within-day CVs for both compounds were less than 6%.[1]


  1. Liquid-chromatographic analysis for esmolol and its major metabolite in urine. Achari, R., Drissel, D., Hulse, J.D. Clin. Chem. (1986) [Pubmed]
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