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Association of RNA with thymidylate synthase from methotrexate-resistant Streptococcus faecium.

Thymidylate synthase (5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:dUMP C-methyltransferase, EC from methotrexate-resistant Streptococcus faecium has a UV absorbance peak at 259 nm and stains with acridine orange because of the presence of RNA on the protein. Material having an absorbance peak at 254 nm, obtained from the enzyme by phenol extraction, is degraded by treatment with pancreatic RNase, T1 RNase, and alkali but is stable to DNase. Dowex-1 chromatography of the pure enzyme yields two polynucleotide fragments in addition to the apoenzyme. As estimated from their absorbance, these fragments contain 4 and 11 mononucleotide residues per mole of enzyme, respectively. In crude extracts, thymidylate synthase is associated with rapidly sedimenting material that is sensitive to RNase. Treatment of crude extracts with RNase, as is done routinely during thymidylate synthase purification, most likely results in the formation of the small polynucleotides found on the enzyme. The RNA is not required for enzyme activity.[1]


  1. Association of RNA with thymidylate synthase from methotrexate-resistant Streptococcus faecium. Rao, K.N., Kisliuk, R.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1983) [Pubmed]
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