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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PGE1-independent MDCK cells have elevated intracellular cyclic AMP but retain the growth stimulatory effects of glucagon and epidermal growth factor in serum-free medium.

Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1), a component in the hormone-supplemented, serum-free medium for the Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line, has been proposed to increase MDCK cell growth by increasing intracellular cyclic AMP levels. The association between increased intracellular cyclic AMP and the growth stimulatory effect of PGE1 has been examined in normal MDCK cells and in PGE1-independent variants of MDCK. These variant cells have lost the PGE1 requirement for long term growth in defined medium. Normal MDCK cells had almost twofold higher intracellular cyclic AMP levels during growth in Medium K-1 (9.0 pmol/mg protein) than in Medium K-1 minus PGE1. Furthermore, PGE1-independent clone 1 had higher intracellular cyclic AMP levels in Medium K-1 minus PGE1 than normal MDCK cells in Medium K-1. This latter observation suggests that the PGE1 requirement for MDCK cell growth is associated with the low intracellular cyclic AMP levels of this cell line. An involvement of cyclic AMP in the growth response to PGE1 is supported by these observations, as well as by the growth stimulatory effects of other agents that affect cyclic AMP metabolism in MDCK cells. These agents include glucagon, isobutyl methylxanthine (IBMX), and dibutyryl cyclic AMP. The growth of PGE1-independent clone 1 was inhibited rather than stimulated by PGE1. Similarly, PGE1-independent cell growth was inhibited by IBMX and dibutyryl cyclic AMP. However, the growth response to one agent which increases cyclic AMP (glucagon) was retained in PGE1-independent clone 1. This result suggests that the effect of glucagon is not associated with increases in intracellular cyclic AMP. The growth stimulatory effect of epidermal growth factor ( EGF) on normal MDCK cells was also studied. Although EGF does not act via a cyclic AMP-mediated mechanism, EGF increased normal MDCK cell growth and substituted for PGE1 in Medium K-1. Thus, EGF and PGE1 could possibly affect similar growth-related functions in MDCK cells, although by different pathways. This possibility was examined further, using PGE1-independent clone 1. EGF, like glucagon, was still growth stimulatory to the PGE1-independent cells. Consequently, the biochemical pathways by which EGF and PGE1 increase MDCK cell growth probably do not converge.[1]


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