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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Covalent modification and repressed transcription of a gene in hepatoma cells.

When liver cells undergo malignant transformation, certain genes cease being expressed. We have studied the structure of one such gene, whose protein product we have designated hepatic protein 22 (hp22), which is not expressed in the two Morris hepatomas studied. We have prepared a chimeric clone of pBR322 containing cDNA sequences complementary to mRNA coding for this protein. By using this cloned cDNA, we have examined changes in expression of this gene and changes in the restriction pattern of the DNA isolated from normal liver and these hepatomas. In both hepatomas, studies using the isoschizomeric pair of restriction enzymes Msp I and Hpa II have indicated hypermethylation of a cytosine residue within or proximal to the hp22 gene. Other differences in the restriction pattern between normal liver and hepatoma DNA were also detected with EcoRI and Ava I. Thus, in the nontranscribed form of this gene, the DNA has undergone covalent modification, distinguishing these two hepatomas from each other and from normal liver.[1]


  1. Covalent modification and repressed transcription of a gene in hepatoma cells. Nakhasi, H.L., Lynch, K.R., Dolan, K.P., Unterman, R.D., Feigelson, P. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1981) [Pubmed]
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