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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Atrial natriuretic factor modulates nitric oxide production: an ANF-C receptor-mediated effect.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possible immunomodulatory and regulatory functions of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and the natriuretic peptide C (NPR-C) receptor in the control of cytokine-stimulated nitric oxide production in primary cultures of human proximal tubular cells. METHODS: Freshly prepared human proximal tubular cells were seeded on plastic plates and allowed to reach confluence. The confluent cells were then incubated with ANF or cyclic(4-23)ANF (c(4-23)ANF) alone, or preincubated with ANF or c(4-23)ANF before incubation with the nitric oxide-stimulating combination of cytokines interleukin-1 beta (10 u/ml), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (10 ng/ml) and interferon-gamma (100 u/ml). RESULTS: In the present series of experiments we have found that incubation of primary cultures of human proximal tubular cells with ANF or c(4-23)ANF stimulates nitric oxide production dose-dependently. Paradoxically, ANF acting via the NPR-C receptor also inhibits cytokine activation of the enzyme-inducible nitric oxide synthase via a cyclic GMP-independent mechanism. Both of these effects were reproduced by the NPR-C receptor-specific ligand c(4-23)ANF. CONCLUSIONS: These findings represent novel actions of ANF mediated via the NPR-C receptor. The results also provide a simple model system in which to study the subcellular mechanisms of NPR-C receptor activation.[1]


  1. Atrial natriuretic factor modulates nitric oxide production: an ANF-C receptor-mediated effect. McLay, J.S., Chatterjee, P.K., Jardine, A.G., Hawksworth, G.M. J. Hypertens. (1995) [Pubmed]
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