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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The cellular polypeptide p57 (pyrimidine tract-binding protein) binds to multiple sites in the poliovirus 5' nontranslated region.

Initiation of translation of poliovirus RNA by ribosomal entry into an internal segment of the 742-nucleotide (nt)-long 5' nontranslated region involves trans-acting factors, including p57, a 57-kDa polypeptide which has been identified as the pyrimidine tract-binding protein ( PTB). A UV cross-linking assay was used to compare the RNA-binding properties of the p57 present in various mammalian cytoplasmic extracts with those of purified murine p57 and recombinant human PTB. Three noncontiguous p57-binding sites were located within the poliovirus 5' nontranslated region, between nt 70 and 288, and 443 and 539 (domain V), and 630 and 730. With the same assay, a novel 34-kDa polypeptide was identified that bound nt 1 to 629 specifically. A single A-->G substitution of nt 480 which attenuates poliovirus did not alter UV cross-linking of p57 to domain V. Although UV cross-linking of p57 to the internal ribosome entry site was specifically reduced by competition with poly(U) but not by competition with poly(C), poly(G), and poly(A) homoribopolymers, the presence of a polyuridine tract was not a sufficient determinant for binding of RNA to the p57 present in cytoplasmic extracts, nor was the polypyrimidine tract downstream of domain V necessary for binding to this site.[1]


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