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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hyperexpression of catalase in selenium-deprived murine L1210 cells.

Murine leukemia L1210 cells grown for 2-3 weeks in the presence of 1% serum without selenium supplementation [L.Se(-) cells] typically exhibited < 10% of the glutathione peroxidase ( GPX) and phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPX) activity of selenium-satisfied controls [L.Se(+) cells]. Concomitant with diminished GPX and PHGPX activity was a 1.5- to 2.0-fold increase in catalase (CAT) activity, which reverted to control levels when L.Se(-) cells were given sufficient Se for full expression of selenoperoxidase activity. Selenium manipulation affected total glutathione content similarly, but had no effect on glutathione-S-transferase or superoxide dismutase activity. Long-term growth under Se-deficient conditions resulted in a progressive additional increase in CAT activity, which maximized after ca. 5 months. These cells [referred to as L'.Se(-)] attained CAT activity levels at least 100-times greater than those of Se-supplemented [L'.Se(+)] controls, whereas their glutathione content remained elevated by approximately 70%. Supplying L'.Se(-) cells with Se resulted in a rapid elevation to full GPX activity; however, CAT failed to decline in this case, suggesting that a selection for stable CAT hyperexpressing variants had been accomplished. Quantitative immunoblot analysis indicated that the high CAT activity of L'.Se(-) cells is accounted for by an elevated level of enzyme protein. Induction of CAT and selection for CAT-rich phenotypes, as apparent for Se-starved L1210 cells, was not observed in human K562 counterparts, which lack GPX and express only a low level of PHGPX. L.Se(-) cells were found to be more sensitive to H2O2-induced killing than L.Se(+) controls, whereas L'.Se(-) cells were exceedingly more resistant to H2O2 than L'.Se(+) counterparts. By contrast, L.Se(-) and L'.Se(-) cells were both more sensitive to t-butyl hydroperoxide than Se(+) controls, consistent with CAT being unimportant in the detoxification of this peroxide compared with GPX. This appears to be the first reported evidence for CAT hyperexpression in response to selenium deprivation.[1]


  1. Hyperexpression of catalase in selenium-deprived murine L1210 cells. Lin, F., Thomas, J.P., Girotti, A.W. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1993) [Pubmed]
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