The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structure of the N intermediate of bacteriorhodopsin revealed by x-ray diffraction.

X-ray diffraction experiments revealed the structure of the N photointermediate of bacteriorhodopsin. Since the retinal Schiff base is reprotonated from Asp-96 during the M to N transition in the photocycle, and Asp-96 is reprotonated during the lifetime of the N intermediate, or immediately after, N is a key intermediate for understanding the light-driven proton pump. The N intermediate accumulates in large amounts during continuous illumination of the F171C mutant at pH 7 and 5 degrees Celsius. Small but significant changes of the structure were detected in the x-ray diffraction profile under these conditions. The changes were reversible and reproducible. The difference Fourier map indicates that the major change occurs near helix F. The observed diffraction changes between N and the original state were essentially identical to the diffraction changes reported for the M intermediate of the D96N mutant of bacteriorhodopsin. Thus, we find that the protein conformations of the M and N intermediates of the photocycle are essentially the same, in spite of the fact that in M the Schiff base is unprotonated and in N it is protonated. The observed structural change near helix F will increase access of the Schiff base and Asp-96 to the cytoplasmic surface and facilitate the proton transfer events that begin with the decay of the M state.[1]


  1. Structure of the N intermediate of bacteriorhodopsin revealed by x-ray diffraction. Kamikubo, H., Kataoka, M., Váró, G., Oka, T., Tokunaga, F., Needleman, R., Lanyi, J.K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities